How do we get silica fume?

04 Apr.,2024


Silica fume, also known as microsilica, is a byproduct of the production of silicon metal or ferrosilicon alloys. It is a highly reactive pozzolanic material that is used as a supplementary cementitious material in concrete. Silica fume enhances the properties of concrete by increasing its strength, durability, and resistance to chemical attack. But how exactly do we obtain silica fume? In this article, we will discuss the process of acquiring silica fume and its applications in the construction industry.

**Production of Silica Fume**.

Silica fume is produced during the manufacturing of silicon or ferrosilicon alloys in electric arc furnaces. These furnaces operate at extremely high temperatures, causing silicon dioxide (SiO2) to vaporize and oxidize into silicon dioxide gas. The gas is then collected and cooled rapidly, condensing into tiny particles of silica fume. These particles are so small that they are 100 times finer than cement particles, giving silica fume its high surface area and reactivity.

**Collection and Processing**.

Once the silica fume particles are formed, they are collected using a baghouse or electrostatic precipitator. These collection systems filter out the particles from the exhaust gases, capturing the silica fume in special containers. The collected silica fume is then processed to remove impurities and ensure it meets the desired specifications for use in concrete. This processing includes drying, screening, and packaging the silica fume into different grades based on its particle size and chemical composition.

**Applications in Concrete**.

Silica fume is commonly used as a mineral admixture in concrete to improve its properties. When added to concrete mixtures, silica fume fills the gaps between cement particles, creating a denser matrix that enhances the strength and durability of the concrete. It also reduces the permeability of concrete, making it more resistant to water and chemical penetration. In addition, silica fume improves the cohesion and workability of concrete, allowing for easier placement and finishing of the material.


In conclusion, silica fume is a valuable additive in the construction industry that helps improve the performance of concrete structures. By understanding the process of obtaining silica fume and its applications in concrete, engineers and contractors can make informed decisions on using this material in their projects. Whether it is to enhance the strength, durability, or chemical resistance of concrete, silica fume offers numerous benefits that can lead to longer-lasting and more sustainable structures.

If you have any further questions about how to obtain silica fume or its application in construction, please do not hesitate to contact us. Our team of experts is here to provide you with the information and support you need to make the most of this innovative material.

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